Burkitt's lymphoma

Burkitt's lymphoma
= Burkitt's tumour
a malignant tumour of the lymphatic system, most commonly affecting children and largely confined to tropical Africa in a zone 15° north and south of the equator. It is the most rapidly growing malignancy, with a tumour doubling time of about five days. It can arise at various sites, most commonly the facial structures, such as the jaw, and in the abdomen. The Epstein-Barr virus plays a role in the origin and growth of the tumour. Complications affecting the nervous system occur in up to 50% of cases. Non-African Burkitt's lymphoma is increasingly being recognized. All forms are very sensitive to cytotoxic drug therapy but cure is uncommon. [D. P. Burkitt (1911–93), Irish surgeon]

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • Burkitt's lymphoma — [bʉr′kits] n. [after D. P. Burkitt (1911 93), Brit surgeon in Uganda who first described it (1958)] a cancer characterized by tumors containing lymphoid cells, occurring esp. in children, in the jaw, eyes, and internal organs: it is associated… …   English World dictionary

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — Infobox Disease Name = Burkitt s lymphoma Caption = Burkitt lymphoma, touch prep, Wright stain DiseasesDB = 1784 ICD10 = ICD10|C|83|7|c|81 ICD9 = ICD9|200.2 ICDO = 9687/3 | OMIM = 113970 MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 256… …   Wikipedia

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — Bur·kitt s lymphoma .bər kəts also Burkitt lymphoma kət n a malignant lymphoma that affects primarily the upper and lower jaws, orbit, retroperitoneal tissues situated near the pancreas, kidneys, ovaries, testes, thyroid, adrenal glands, heart,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — also Burkitt lymphoma noun Etymology: Denis Parsons Burkitt died 1993 British surgeon Date: 1963 a malignant lymphoma that occurs especially in children of central Africa and is associated with Epstein Barr virus …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — /berr kits/, Pathol. a type of poorly differentiated malignant lymphoma, mainly afflicting children in central Africa, characterized by a large, bone destroying lesion of the jaw, an abdominal mass, or more diffuse disease: believed to be… …   Universalium

  • Burkitt’s lymphoma — cancer that affects children; named for Dr Dennis Burkitt …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — [ bə:kɪts] noun Medicine cancer of the lymphatic system, caused by the Epstein–Barr virus. Origin 1960s: named after the British surgeon Denis P. Burkitt …   English new terms dictionary

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — Bur′kitt s lympho′ma [[t]ˈbɜr kɪts[/t]] n. pat a cancer of the lymphatic system characterized by lesions of the jaw or abdomen, mainly affecting children in central Africa • Etymology: after Denis Parsons Burkitt (b. 1911), Irish physician, who… …   From formal English to slang

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — /bɜkəts lɪmˈfoʊmə/ (say berkuhts lim fohmuh) noun a tumour of lymphoid tissue, caused by a virus, and mainly found in children in specific areas of central Africa. {named after Denis Burkitt, 1911–93, British doctor, who first described it} …   Australian-English dictionary

  • burkitt's lymphoma — n. Med. a malignant tumour of the lymphatic system, esp. affecting children of Central Africa. Etymology: D. P. Burkitt, Brit. surgeon b. 1911 …   Useful english dictionary

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